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The Land Registry

Land Registry was established in 1892 and maintains a record of map based land registrations in Northern Ireland. The Registry does not merely provide a mechanical registration system, it actually guarantees the validity of the legal title.

Each of title has its own unique number known as the Folio Number.

The Folio Number:

  • describes the property
  • records who owns the property
  • gives details of encumbrances such as mortgages or rights that may affect the property adversely

The Land Registry also produces a title plan, showing the location and extent of the land or property’s legal boundary. The plan does not normally show who owns the boundary features.

When is registration compulsory?

When there is a sale of property, within Northern Ireland (whether by conveyance, assignment or lease) the title must be registered in the Land Registry.

When is registration not compulsory?

Registration is not compulsory in the following circumstances:

  • transactions where no money consideration is paid (eg gifts, Assents, etc.)
  • mortgages and Charging Orders
  • leases for a term not exceeding 21 years
  • exchanges or partitions of land, provided there is no monetary consideration
  • surrenders of Leases

Advantages of registering land

  • legal title is guaranteed and an accurate plan of the extent of ownership is created
  • an up-to-date public record of ownership is created
  • rights of way are clearly identified
  • covenants and mortgages are recorded
  • risk of fraud is greatly reduced
  • simple forms replace complicated deeds
  • repeated examination of title deeds is unnecessary
  • disputes can be resolved more easily

For more information on how to search the Land Registry, please click on the link below:


For more information on Land Registry fees, please use the following link: